• In 2011, New York State passed the Concussion Management and Awareness ActIt directed the Commissioners of Education and Health to adopt and implement rules and regulations for the treatment and monitoring of students with mild traumatic brain injuries. On July 1, 2012 the Concussion Management and Awareness Act became effective.
    Why all the concern?  
    • Each year, U.S. emergency departments treat an estimated 173,285 sports and recreation related TBIs (Traumatic Brain Injury)including concussions, among children and adolescents, from birth to 19 years.  (MMWR October 2011) 
    • Children and teens are more likely to get a concussion and take longer to recover than adults. 
    What are the Potential Effects of TBI?

    The severity of TBI may range from "mild," i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to "sever." i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury.

    TBI can cause a wide range of functional short or long term changes affecting thinking, sensation, language, or emotions.Repeated mild 

    • Thinking (i.e., memory and reasoning);
    • Sensation (i.e., touch, taste, and smell);
    • Language (i.e., communication, expression, and understanding); and
    • Emotion (i.e., depression, anxiety, personality changes, aggression, acting out, and social inappropriateness).1

    TBI can also cause epilepsy and increase the risk for conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other brain disorders that become more prevalent with age.1

    About 75% of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.2

    Repeated mild TBIs occurring over an extended period of time (i.e., months, years) can result in cumulative neurological and cognitive deficits. Repeated mild TBIs occurring within a short period of time (i.e., hours, days, or weeks) can be catastrophic or fatal.3


    1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Traumatic brain injury: hope through research. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health; 2002 Feb. NIH Publication No.: 02-158.
    2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Report to Congress on mild traumatic brain injury in the United States: steps to prevent a serious public health problem. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2003.
    3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sports-related recurrent brain injuries—United States. MMWR 1997;46(10):224–227.
    4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Facts about concussion and brain injury: Where to Get Help. 2010.

    The above information and more can be found on the CDC website.

Last Modified on September 5, 2019